South American Archaeology – new Wari era dig


The Wari culture predated the Inca Empire as well as the Moche Culture which came before the Inca which we mostly know about because the Spanish Conquistadors invaded the Inca Empire. It never turned out well for the conquered Indigenous people.

If you want a bit more information about the Wari culture I’ve copied the Wikipedia information which is adequate as far as it goes.

What is note worthy about the latest dig — besides the important news that the archaeologists managed to beat the grave robbers and now we will have so much more information. The pots and gold and other artifacts would make nice trophies for all the newly super rich. However, the old pots stolen from prehistoric sites — are all too often lacking any context. Nice pot — sure — but where did it come from, what was buried along with the pot and what can the “useless” stuff to grave robbers tell the scientists?

Anyway back to this new dig and be sure to take a look at the photos –– mostly visual and read the short description posted with the photos about the wealth of information that this dig is yielding. Women were found and by the way they were buried the archaeologists tell us that the women were very high status. Gold earrings were found on the women and the bodies were placed in upright, sitting positions — indicating high status. It had been assumed that only males were high status since only males had been found with gold and high value grave objects. 

The find sheds light on the position of women in Wari society . . . 

The sitting position of the mummies indicates royalty and suggests Wari women held more power than previously thought.

“The women were buried with finely engraved ear pieces made of precious metals that once were believed to be used only by men,” archaeologist Patrycja Przadk said.

Some skeletons of low status women were, these bodies were simply tossed into the tomb and not processed like the high status bodies.



Wikipedia information about Wari culture in general:

The Wari (Spanish: Huari) were a Middle Horizon civilization that flourished in the south-central Andes and coastal area of modern-day Peru, from about CE 500 to 1000. (The Wari culture is not to be confused with the modern ethnic group and language known as Wari’, with which it has no known link.) Wari, as the former capital city was called, is located 11 km (6.8 mi) north-east of the modern city of Ayacucho, Peru. This city was the center of a civilization that covered much of the highlands and coast of modern Peru. The best-preserved remnants, beside the Wari Ruins, are the recently discovered Northern Wari ruins near the city of Chiclayo, and Cerro Baul in Moquegua. Also well-known are the Wari ruins of Pikillaqta (“Flea Town”), a short distance south-east of Cuzco en route to Lake Titicaca.

Early on, the Wari expanded their territory to include the ancient oracle center of Pachacamac, though it seems to have remained largely autonomous. Later the Wari became dominant in much of the territory of the earlier Moche and later Chimu cultures. The reason for this expansion has been debated; it is believed to have been driven by religious conversion, military conquest, or the spread of agricultural knowledge (specifically terrace agriculture).




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